It is not just about technologies but also harmony with the environment
We often talk about eco-sustainable architecture, energetic audit, utilization of eco-friendly materials, but first of all a good architecture project should take into account the area, the land characteristics and the climatic conditions on which the intervention will be accomplished.
In order to be defined eco-sustainable, an architecture should include the following factors. Studying the land before intervene on it is important to reduce as low as possible the environmental impact and to guarantee the maximum quality for the customers in terms of healthiness and comfort. Worldwide there are a high number of urbanized areas, that were built up in harmony with the surrounding environment.
Coober Pedy, a small town located in South Australia, is a good example of urbanization that has adapted to the territory conditions. The Australian deserted setting and high temperatures have led the citizens to live underground, in natural caves that have evolved during the years in a complex network of tunnels underneath the desert.
In Setenil de las Bodegas, Spain the urbanistic development have occurred in harmony with the environment. Here it seems that the rock absorbed the village. The houses are dug into the rocks, they are white-colored painted in order to reflect the sunlight and they are covered by the rocks to avoid the overheating during the summer. A green substitute of the traditional sunshade.
Eco-sustainability is not always related with technology. This happens in Italy, where from North to South there are many examples of good architecture integrated with the territory. The most representative ones and also world heritage sites are “I sassi di Matera” and “Le Cinque Terre”, a representation of the balanced interaction between humans and nature that as a result produced a high-quality landscape.